How To Grow Plants Indoors Without Sunlight – A Guide For Beginners

Rest assured that the lack of natural sunlight cannot strip the dream of having a little green corner inside your house out of you.

How to grow plants indoors without sunlight is not something new to people engaging in agricultural activities. However, if you are just a newbie in this field and feel overwhelmed by all the information you found online, let us lend you a helping hand!

Indoor Plants And Their Relations With Light

The first thing is to consider when starting to grow without natural light is choosing a source of artificial light because almost no plants can survive without light.

Light is the key factor in growing. If your plant is not provided with sufficient light, then all the other things like potting soil or watering are merely a waste. When choosing an indoor plant, it is a good idea to measure the quality and quantity of light that you can provide.

Different types of plants need different amounts of light. Plants can be loosely divided into 3 groups depending on their light requirements: low light plants, medium light and high light plants. 

While ponytail palm needs little direct light and can be placed at a fairly dark corner at your house, cacti and succulents virtually need continuous daylight to develop.

Ponytail palm

The point here is to know what kind of light your plants need and choose the right type of light. So there is no other practical choice than doing your own research about the light requirement of every specific plant that you are growing.

How To Grow Plants Indoors Without Sunlight – Two common types of grow light


Fluorescent is the most popular type of grow light among amateur gardeners. It is easy to buy and use.

A grow light system using Fluorescent light tubes

Since Fluorescent lights are various in size and wattage output, they can be utilized in many forms of setting models as well as in almost any growth phase of plants.

LED growth lights

If you are expecting flowers or new buds from your little green plants, LED grow lights can be applied to provide supplemental lights.

The only thing you need to consider when deciding to go for this technology is the fact that it produces no heat at all. This feature is not necessarily a downside since it saves users a lot of money on electricity bills. 

LED grow lights

However, some plants require a certain level of heat to grow healthy, especially in winter. In this case, a supplemental source of heat must be added.

Two Simple Models Of Setting Up Grow Light For Beginners

  • Clamping light fixture

If you only have one or two plants to grow, you should not miss out on this wonderful equipment. This light takes up very little space and the setting up cannot be more simple. You just need to attach it to any spots that you like and make sure that it faces directly to your plants.

Clamping light fixture

This option is also inexpensive so it is super suitable for beginners or who has a tight budget.

  • Micro grow light garden

This system is a little more complex, though still simple enough for those who are beginners in indoor gardening. There would be plenty of room for your little green fellows to develop to their fullest while having their fragile roots covered.

Micro grow light garden

Since the height of the light and the reflected angle of the mirror inside the hood are adjustable, this system provides light with different intensity for each phase of the plant’s development.

 Choosing The Rights Plant 

If you are a beginner at gardening, we recommend that you should start with something easy. There is a variety of plants that can thrive in an indoor environment for you to choose from. 

For instance, some veggies like carrots and green peppers can grow and thrive even when they do not get much sunlight every day.

So the advice here is to have some research on what you want to plant before executing the gardening works. Make sure that you have the gardening skills needed as well as your place have required conditions for the plants to thrive.

Here are some factors that you should take into account when getting plants for your garden

  1.  A healthy root system – This is an important indicator of the health status of the plants.  Healthy roots are sturdy and light in color. 
  2. Foliage- go for plants with thick and compact foliage. Be cautious when you perceive any signs of the plants being pruned. There are high chances that the sellers have trimmed off all the leaves and branches that they do not want us to see.
  3. Check for signs of disease: Bad odor, the leaf displays uneven color or  suspicious color pots. 

Look for sites of parasites and pests. The joints between branches and stems as well as the underside of the leaves are the places where they are usually found.

Preparing The Potting Soil For Your Houseplant

Potting soil is one of the determining factors in sustaining the survival and development of your plants. However, if you are a beginner, creating the recipe for the potting mix might be difficult. If this is the case, just go with a recipe that you find in a prestigious gardening site online.

Another way here is to directly buy the potting soil from gardening stores. Since urban growth has been booming remarkably, there are many stores that offer this service.


  • Size

To put it simply, the ultimate purpose of a container is to provide appropriate developing space as well as hold sustaining materials for the plant. For the container to do the best at its job, you should buy one that is proportional to the size of the plant.

  • Drainage holes

Overwatering is one of the main reasons that kill your plants. To lessen the chances of such incidents, the drainage hole is a must.

The best place for drainage holes is at the bottom of the pots.


Plants grown in containers hydrate more quickly than their soil-grown counterparts and they require frequent watering.

Remember to always use water at room temperature and make sure that you do not overwater your plants. If the water runs through the drainage holes and does not collect in the bottom of the pot or the saucer, then you are doing right.


Always dreaming of a garden but the scarcity of open space in cities is so deterring? Worry no more. You can definitely do it simply by following the thorough guide we have laid out to you. 

Hope that our article has helped you out in catching a basic idea of how to grow plants indoors without sunlight. Let us know what you think of it, and it would be greater if you add a few details on the results!

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